master's thesis
Acute coronary syndrome and meteorological conditions

Ivan Vučković (2015)
Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Medicinski fakultet
Metadata
TitleAkutni koronarni sindrom i metereološki uvjeti
AuthorIvan Vučković
Mentor(s)Robert Steiner (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Cilj istraživanja: razjasniti koje metereološke promjene (temperatura, tlak i vlaga zraka, brzina i smjer vjetra) utječu na pobol od akutnog koronarnog sindroma u Osijeku te ima li razlike u utjecaju metereoloških prilika prema spolu. Također će se analizirati utjecaj metereoloških prilika na podvrste akutnog koronarnog sindroma kao što su akutni infarkt miokarda sa ST elevacijom, akutni infarkt miokarda bez ST elevacije i nestabilna angina pektoris. Bolesnici i metode: u studiju su uključeni bolesnici zaprimljeni na Odjel za bolesti srca i krvnih žila zbog AKS-a tijekom 2014. godine te će se analizirati vremenski uvjeti prema podacima iz nadležne metereološke stanice. Rezultati: Ovim istraživanjem utvrdili smo točan broj prijema zbog AKS-a u Osijeku. Potvrdili smo postojanje sezonske raspodjele AKS (najmanji broj slučajeva ljeti) i korelacije između koronarnih incidenata i meteoroloških uvjeta. Uočena je negativna korelacija između srednje dnevne temperature zraka i koronarnih incidenata i pozitivna korelacija između srednjeg dnevnog tlaka i koronarnih incidenata i između srednje dnevne relativne vlažnosti i koronarnih incidenata. Najveća negativna korelacija ustanovljena je između NSTEMI i srednje relativne vlažnosti dok je najveća pozitivna korelacija pronađena između STEMI i srednje relativne vlažnosti. Zaključak: Suvremena medicina sve više ističe važnost preventivne medicine. Pravodobnim upozorenjem i prevencijom može se smanjiti osobni rizik te time umanjiti mortalitet, morbiditet, ali i troškovi liječenja. Broj ukupnih slučajeva AKS-a može pomoći u planiranju troškova liječenja koronarne jedinice za nadolazeće godine, te potrebnu bolju pripremljenost tijekom jeseni i zime. Niske temperature i visoki postotak relativne vlažnosti zraka su rizični čimbenici za razvoj AKS-a.
Keywordscardiac patients acute coronary syndrome meteorological parameters
Parallel title (English)Acute coronary syndrome and meteorological conditions
Committee MembersKristina Selthofer Relatić
Tatjana Bačun
Robert Steiner
GranterSveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Medicinski fakultet
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Internal Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeUniversity graduate studies; medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-07-08
Parallel abstract (English)
Objective: To clarify which meteorological changes (temperature, pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction) affect the morbidity of acute coronary syndrome in Osijek and if there are differences in the impact of meteorological conditions by gender. It will also analyse the influence of meteorological conditions on the subspecies of acute coronary syndromes such as acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation, acute myocardial infarction without ST elevation and unstable angina pectoris. Patients and methods: the study included patients admitted to the Department of heart disease and blood vessels due to ACS during 2014 and will analyse the weather conditions according to data from the relevant weather station. Results: We have found the exact number of ACS admissions in Osijek. We have confirmed the existence of seasonal distribution of ACS (the smallest number of cases during the summer), and the correlation between coronary events and meteorological conditions. There was a negative correlation between daily temperature and coronary events and a positive correlation between the mean daily pressure and coronary events and between the mean daily humidity and coronary events. The highest negative correlation was found between NSTEMI and the mean relative humidity while the highest positive correlation was found between STEMI and the mean relative humidity. Conclusion: Modern medicine increasingly emphasizes the importance of preventive medicine. Timely warning and prevention can reduce personal risk and thereby reduce mortality, morbidity, and treatment costs. The number of total cases of ACS can help plan the cost of the treatment of coronary units for the upcoming year, and warn of a better preparation during autumn and winter. Low temperatures and a high percentage of the relative humidity are risk factors for the development of ACS.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)kardiološki bolesnici akutni koronarni sindrom meteorološki parametri
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:152:546547
CommitterBisera Kopf