doctoral thesis
Ravninski model ponašanja omeđenog ziđa pri cikličkom horizontalnom opterećenju

Đurđica Matošević (2015)
Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Građevinski fakultet Osijek
Metadata
TitleRavninski model ponašanja omeđenog ziđa pri cikličkom horizontalnom opterećenju
AuthorĐurđica Matošević
Mentor(s)Vladimir Sigmund
Abstract
Zbog svoje jednostavnosti, ekonomičnosti, dobrih fizikalnih svojstava, trajnosti i ljepote omeđeno ziđe se primjenjuje diljem svijeta za izgradnju stambenih, poslovnih i industrijskih objekata već cijelo stoljeće. Iskustva o njihovom ponašanju tijekom potresa su dobra. Međutim, u suvremenoj građevinskoj praksi tradicionalnom građenju je potrebna dopuna odgovarajućim proračunima. S obzirom na složenost samog materijala i nepouzdanost njegovih mehaničkih svojstava postupak proračuna nije moguće temeljiti na uobičajenim postavkama teorije elastičnosti. Neizbježna su pokusna ispitivanja cijelih konstrukcija, odnosno njezinih sastavnih dijelova, pojedinih zidova. Cilj ovog rada je istraživanje ponašanja omeđenog ziđa pri horizontalnom naizmjeničnom opterećenju u ravnini zida, te nakon toga na osnovu eksperimentalnih podataka provesti numeričku simulaciju zgrada i predložiti neka rješenja i eventualna poboljšanja u projektiranju novih i vrednovanju postojećih zidanih zgrada. Na uzorcima u mjerilu 1:1,5 ispitane tri serije zidova jednakih dimenzija, omjera H/L=1,15, na horizontalno izmjenično opterećenje u razini gornjeg horizontalnog serklaža. Tri serije od po tri uzorka omeđenog ziđa imale su različit tip veze između vertikalnih serklaža i ziđa, a jedan je uzorak bio od nearmiranog ziđa. Na osnovu eksperimentalnih rezultata provedena je numerička analiza, te istraživanje prošireno na zidove drugih omjera H/L, te zidove s otvorima manjim od 1,5m2. Procijenjeni su nelinearni seizmički odgovori zgrada koje imaju površinu zidova od 2%, 2,46%, 3%, 4%, 5% i 6% bruto tlocrta, visine jedne do pet etaža na po sedam potresa proračunskog ubrzanja tla od 0,1g, 0,2g i 0,3g. Procijenjene su veličine faktora ponašanja pojedinih tipova zidova. Određene su veličine dopuštenih međukatnih pomaka za razinu znatnih oštećenja i pripadajuće najmanje potrebne gustoće ziđa u tlocrtu građevine.
Keywordsconfined masonry experiment nonlinear seismic response behaviour factor wall density
Committee MembersIvica Guljaš (committee chairperson)
Vladimir Sigmund (committee member)
Mehmed Čaušević (committee member)
GranterSveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Građevinski fakultet Osijek
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Civil Engineering
Supporting Structures
UDK624/625
APPLIED SCIENCES. MEDICINE. TECHNOLOGY
Civil and structural engineering. Civil engineering of land transport. Railway engineering. Highway engineering
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelpostgraduate
Study programmePostgraduate university study program in civil engineering
Academic title abbreviationdr. sc.
Genredoctoral thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-05-28
Parallel abstract (English)
Because of its simplicity, low cost, good physical properties, durability and aesthetic qualities confined masonry is used worldwide for the construction of residential, commercial and industrial buildings during an entire century. Experiences on its behaviour during earthquakes are mostly good. However, in modern building practice it is necessary to supplement the traditional construction methods with corresponding numerical analysis. Considering that it is a composite material of uncertain mechanical properties the design process cannot be based on conventional solutions of the theory of elasticity. It is necessary to carry out experimental tests of entire structures, or its component parts, the walls. The objective of this work is to investigate the behaviour of masonry walls subjected to a horizontal cyclic load in the plane of the wall. After that, on the basis of experimental data the numerical simulation of buildings should be carried out and some solutions and possible improvements in the design of new confined masonry buildings and in the evaluation of existing confined masonry buildings should be proposed. The three series of specimens aspect ratio H / L = 1.15 were scaled and tested to the horizontal cyclic loading at the upper level of the horizontal tie beams. Each of the series was composed of three specimens with a different type of connection between the tie-columns and masonry. One more specimen was built as unreinforced masonry and tested in the same way. Based on experimental results, numerical analysis was carried out, and research was expanded to the other aspect ratio H / L walls and the walls with openings smaller than 1,5m2. The nonlinear seismic response was estimated for one to five stories buildings which have a wall area of 2%, 2.46%, 3%, 4%, 5% and 6% of the gross floor plan under twenty one earthquake a-t diagrams of different design ground acceleration: 0.1g, 0.2 g and 0.3 g. The behaviour factors were evaluated for particular wall types. Allowed interstory drift was determined according to the level of serious damage. The corresponding minimum required densities of the walls in the floor plan of the building were evaluated.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)omeđeno ziđe pokus nelinearni seizmički odgovor faktor ponašanja gustoća ziđa
ExtentXXV, 246 str. : graf. i tabelarni prikazi : ilustr. (djelomice u bojama) ; 30 cm
Versionaccepted version
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Noteaccepted version
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:133:172563
CommitterVesna Zobundžija