Access restricted to students and staff of home institution
undergraduate thesis
Dojenje i prehrana dojenčeta

Martina Urban (2014)
Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Fakultet za odgojne i obrazovne znanosti
Metadata
TitleDojenje i prehrana dojenčeta
AuthorMartina Urban
Mentor(s)Irella Bogut (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Dojenje je najbolji izbor prehrane djeteta jer koliko god da je kvalitetno adaptirano mlijeko, priroda ga nije namijenila za najbolji rast i razvoj djeteta. Svjetska zdravstvena organizacija (WHO) došla je do zaključka da dojenjem majke pružaju svojoj djeci najbolji početak života. Blizina i kontakt s majkom preko kože kod novorođenčeta stvaraju osjećaj povjerenja, majčinu naklonost djetetu te osjećaj sigurnosti. Mnogi su načini dojenja, a izdvajaju se dva osnovna. To su: neograničeno dojenje i kontrolirano dojenje. Kod neograničenog dojenja djetetu se ne postavljaju nikakva pravila, a kod kontroliranog dojenja dijete se doji svaka dva do tri sata, a nakon 20 minuta podoj na jednoj dojci se prekida. Kako je dijete u stomaku cijelo vrijeme primalo hranu, prvi način dojenja je pogodniji za dijete. Dojenje ima pozitivne učinke i na majku i na dijete. Dojenje umanjuje smrtnost djece, umanjuje učestalost infekcija donjih dišnih puteva, umanjuje alergije te se uspostavlja psihološki socijalni kontakt majka – dijete. Dojenje pozitivno utječe na majku na taj način što smanjuje učestalost karcinoma dojke, vrata maternice i jajnika, ubrzava mršavljenje te je znatno manji teret na obiteljski budžet (ušteda). Što se tiče uvođenja krute hrane vrlo je važna postupnost kako bi se dijete naviknulo na nove namirnice i naučilo žvakati. Postupnost uvođenja je također važna zbog mogućnosti alergija zato se nova namirnica daje djetetu nakon tjedan dana. Kašasti obroci sastoje se od 4 namirnice: žitarice, voće, povrće te meso i jaja. Količina hrane koju dijete pojede razlikuje se od djeteta do djeteta jer se svaki metabolizam razlikuje stoga se roditelji ne trebaju uplašiti ako njihovo dijete jede manje ili više.
Keywordsthe importance of breast feeding way of brestfeeding positive effects close physical relationship introduction of solid foods
GranterSveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Fakultet za odgojne i obrazovne znanosti
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Public Health and Health Care
Family Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeUndergraduate pre-school education
Academic title abbreviationuniv.bacc.praesc.educ.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014-07-08
Parallel abstract (English)
Breast feeding is the best choice of feeding the baby and as long as milk is well adapted, nature didn´t make it to ensure the best growth of the baby. Worls Health Organisation came to a conclusion that with breast feeding mothers give their children the best way of starting their lives. Being close to the mother and the physical contact through the skin creatures a feeling of trust and safety in the baby. There are a lot of ways of breast feeding, bat only two primary ways: unlimited and controled breast feeding. As for unlimited breast feeding there are no rules brought to the child, and as for controled breast feeding the baby is fed every 2 – 3 hours, and the fed is stooped after 20 minutes on one breast. The first way of brest feeding is better for the child as it was in the belly and got food through womb. Brest feeding has positive effects on the mother the same as it has for a baby. Brest feeding decreases deaths of babies, reduces the incidence of infections of the lower respiratory tract, it decreases allergies and makes the mental and social bond between mother and her baby. Breast feeding effects mother in the way of decreases breast cancer and reproductive organs cancer chances. It also increases the speed of weith loss and it is not a financial difficulty. When starting with solid food the most important part is light transition so the baby would get to new ingredience and so it could learn how to chew. Light transition is important because of the allergies so every new ingrediant must bi given to the baby in a week long period. Baby food consist 4 ingrediance: fruit, vegetables, cereals and meat and eggs. The amount of food that baby eats depends on the baby itself because every metabolism is different so parents mustn´t be conserved if the baby is eating more or less than the standard perscription.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)važnost dojenja način dojenja pozitivni učinci blizak tjelesni odnos uvođenje krute hrane
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:141:935038
CommitterJosipa Zetović