No public access
master's thesis
RESULTS OF IN VITRO FERTILIZATION IN KBC OSIJEK PERFORMED IN 2011. AND 2012.

Andreja Milostić-Srb (2014)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Department of biology
Metadata
TitleREZULTATI IZVANTJELESNE OPLODNJE U KBC OSIJEK U 2011. i 2012.GODINI
AuthorAndreja Milostić-Srb
Mentor(s)Elizabeta Has Schon (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Nakon prve trudnoće postignute izvantjelesnom oplodnjom i embrio transferom (IVF-ET), više miliona trudnoća postignuto je diljem svijeta postupcima IVF-a i njihovim modifikacijama. Rezultati IVF-a isti su kao rezultati prirodnih začeća u općoj populaciji. Kumulativni uspjeh je veći ponavljanjem pokušaja IVF-a. 2002. godine stopa uspješnosti po zahvatu iznosila je 32%. Primjenom indukcije ovulacije, kod izvantjelesne oplodnje, osim većeg zanošenja uslijedila je veća učestalost multiplih trudnoća, naročito onih višeg reda. Od 1980-1997. godine porasla je učestalost porođenih dvojaka za 52%, a trudnoća višeg reda za čak 404%. Prema podacima iz 2004. godine u Europi je ukupna stopa zanošenja po aspiraciji i transferu bila 24,7% uz stopu pojedinačno rođenih 73,6% ivišeplodnih 26,4%, od čega je na blizance otpadalo 24,4%, na trojke 3%, a na četvorke 0,04%. Većina je multiplih trudnoća nakon izvantjelesne oplodnje multizigotna, premda je i učestalost monozigotnih u porastu od 0,4% na 1% do 5%, najčešće u stadiju blastociste i kod mikromanipulacijskih postupaka na zamecima. Kod svih trudnoća nakon izvantjelesne oplodnje češće su fetalne, i neonatalne komplikacije, što je izraženije kod višeplodnih trudnoća koje su sklonije prijevremenim porodima. Da bi se izbjegle nepoželjne nuspojave, kod postupka izvantjelesne oplodnje treba indukcijom ovulacije postići zadovoljavajuću stopu zanošenja, a preventivnim mjerama spriječiti višeplodne trudnoće, dok u slučaju neuspjeha treba reducirati prekobrojne ili nepravilne trudnoće.
Keywordsmultiple pregnancies in vitro fertilization outcome of pregnancy fetal reduction
Parallel title (English)RESULTS OF IN VITRO FERTILIZATION IN KBC OSIJEK PERFORMED IN 2011. AND 2012.
Committee MembersEnrih Merdić (committee chairperson)
Elizabeta Has Schon (committee member)
Stjepan Krčmar (committee member)
Janja Horvatić (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Department of biology
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineNATURAL SCIENCES
Biology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeMaster of Science Graduate University Study Programme in Biology; specializations in: Master of Biology
Study specializationMaster of Biology
Academic title abbreviationmag.biol.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014-02-20
Parallel abstract (English)
Since the first pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) over a million pregnancies have been achieved worldwide by IVF and its modifications. On a per cycle basis, the results of IVF are similar to the fecundability of natural conception cycles in the general population. The cumulative success rate is higher when IVF is attempted on a repetitive basis. Pregnancy rates have consistently improved over time. By 2002, the delivery rate per retrieval was 32%. However, the incidence of twins and high order multiple pregnancies (ie. triplets or more) has risen over the past two decades. From 1980 to 1997, the annual number of live born babies from twin gestations rose 52%,while the number of high order gestations increased 404%. This rise was mainly due to increased use offertility drugs for ovulation induction, superovulation, and IVF. Compared to natural ovulation and conception, IVF increases the chance of having twins 20-fold and triplets/quadruplets 400%. A number of studies have reported an increase in the adverse perinatal outcome of pregnancies obtained with IVF-ET. Multiple gestations are at increased risk of fetal, neonatal, complications, as well as complete pregnancy loss, when compared to singleton pregnancies. Neonatal complications are primarily the result of preterm delivery. Several strategies attempting to control the frequency of high order multiples have been implemented. The overriding aim of these strategies is to transfer fewer embryos of higher quality to maximize the pregnancy rate and to minimize the risk of high order multiple gestation.Utilization of single embryo transfer will likely increase as method of predicting embryo viability and to reduce high order pregnancy mounts.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)multiple trudnoće in vitro fertilizacija ishod trudnoće fetalna redukcija
Resource typetext
Access conditionNo public access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:181:581386
CommitterVesna Radman Meic