master's thesis
The study of common misconceptions in primary school students on the basis of constructed concept test

Ivana Posavac (2013)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Department of biology
Metadata
TitleIstraživanje učestalih miskoncepcija kod učenika osnovne škole na osnovi konstruiranog konceptualnog testa
AuthorIvana Posavac
Mentor(s)Enrih Merdić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Istraživanje o količini usvojenog znanja na polju prirode i biologije omogućava detekciju pojmova koji se usvajaju s lakoćom, ali i pojmova koji se usvajaju na pogrešan način što otežava formiranje valjanih koncepata. Takvi pogrešno usvojeni pojmovi nazivaju se miskoncepcije. Miskoncepcije su pogrešni koncepti koji predstavljaju krive predodžbe određenog pojma i suprotnosti su sa znanstvenim činjenicama, a mogu se organizirati u nekoliko skupina prema uzroku nastanka. Provođenjem inicijalnih i završnih provjera znanja u sedmim razredima osnovne škole određene su najčešće miskoncepcije. Metrijska analiza provjere znanja rađena je računanjem Cronbachovog alfa-koeficijenta, diskriminativnosti, indeksa lakoće, prirodoslovne pismenosti i ANOVA testa. Analizom inicijalne i završne provjere znanja utvrđen je velik broj različitih miskoncepcija od kojih najveći broj pripada u skupine miskoncepcija koje nastaju zbog nerazumijevanja pojmova i usvajanja činjenica bez razumijevanja. Najčešće miskoncepcije odnose se na smještanje biljne vrste u određenu skupinu, kao na primjer smještanje biljke ginko u skupinu kritosjemenjača, što je posljedica usvajanja činjenica bez razumijavanja te nerazumijevanje procesa vezanih za fiziologiju biljaka, kao što su osmoza i difuzija, a posljedica su nerazumijevanja pojmova. Usporedbom rezultata inicijalne i završne provjere znanja utvrđeno je kako nije došlo do značajnog ispravka učestalih miskoncepcija.
Keywordsconcepts miskonceptions knowledge cognitive levels plant kingdom.
Parallel title (English)The study of common misconceptions in primary school students on the basis of constructed concept test
Committee MembersIvna Štolfa Čamagajevac (committee chairperson)
Enrih Merdić (committee member)
Dubravka Čerba (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Department of biology
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineNATURAL SCIENCES
Biology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeMaster of Science Graduate University Study Programme in Biology and Chemistry; specializations in: Master Education In Chemistry and Biology
Study specializationMaster Education In Chemistry and Biology
Academic title abbreviationmag.educ.biol.et chem.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2013-07-12
Parallel abstract (English)
The research on the amount of knowledge learned in the fields of Science and Biology allows us to single out concepts which pupils learn with ease, as well as concepts which pupils learn the wrong way, which causes difficulties when formulating valid concepts. Such notions learned the wrong way are called misconceptions. Misconceptions are incorrect concepts which denote wrong conceptions of certain terms, they are in contrast with scientific facts, and can be classified into several categories according to their origin. Initial and final tests conducted in the 7th grade of elementary school were used to determine the most common misconceptions. The metric analysis of the test results was done by calculating Cronbach's alpha, index of ease, science literacy, and conducting ANOVA analysis. The analysis of the initial and the final tests identified a large number of various misconceptions, most of which belong to the category of misconceptions which arise from misunderstanding of concepts and learning by heart without actually comprehending the facts. The most common misconceptions are the wrong categorization of plant species, such as putting gingko in the category of flowering plants, and the misunderstanding of processes related to plant physiology, such as osmosis and diffusion. The first misconception is the result of learning the facts by heart without actually comprehending them, whereas the second misconceptions tems from the lack of understanding of concepts. Comparison between results of the initial and the final test shows that there was no significant improvement incorrection of frequent misconceptions.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)koncepti miskoncepcije znanje kognitivne razine biljno carstvo
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:181:674935
CommitterVesna Radman Meic